Using the Internet of Things (IoT) to fight the virus Outbreaks
Even though much less deadly than the Ebola and SARS virus epidemics, the current coronavirus has spread to several peoples (more than 125 thousand in fewer than 50 days) coronavirus spread more than 120 countries in a short time frame (only 50 days).The WHO has formally declared COVID on March 11, 2020, COVID-19, a global pandemic.
Like various other outbreaks, COVID-19 face serious challenges such as identifying the origin of the epidemic, reducing the spread of the virus, and having enough medical resources to treat all the patients of the world with severe the COVID-19 symptoms.
Main points in a COVID-19 virus pandemic
The faster spread of COVID-19 has shown and exacerbated numerous structural problems in the government’s health reply system. All these problems point to an incapability to measure the solution according to the expansion of the outbreak.
Tracing the origin of an outbreak, isolating potentially infected patients, treating a lot of ill patients very seriously, and preventing the infection between the patients and medical staff and require all incredible human resources and faster epidemic will straining the system even further.
What is the internet of things (IoT)?
The IoT is an automated solution that has explosive growth in so many industries, such as wearable consumer electronics, asset management, and automated manufacturing.
IoT consisted of many functional components, like data collection, transfer, analytics, and storage. All the IoT data Is collected by the sensors, a sensor installed on mobile phones, robots, and health monitors. Then all the cellular information is sent to the central server of the cloud for the purpose of analytics and for the decision making, such as if the machine required the active maintenance to prevent unforeseen breakdown or if the patient requests to come in for the check-up only.
Current application of IoT during the COVID-19
Nowadays, IoT is used to manage a few aspects of the COVID-19. For example, Drones are used for public surveillance to ensure that the wearing of masks and quarantine, although AI has used to predicts the upcoming outbreak areas.
Internet of things using to dissect an Outbreak
A lot of datasets collected by mobile devices. The internet of things has several applications during an epidemic.
Also, IoT used to trace the cause of an outbreak. MIT researcher study that used an aggregated mobile phone data to determine in chapped details of short periods, dengue virus spread in Singapore since 2013 and 2014. Consequently
Covering (GIS) Geographic information system infected persons can do two things on the internet of things (IoT) mobile data. The first thing is upstream, and the second one is downstream. Upstream help epidemiologists in their search for patients zero and downstream help all the persons who have come into communication with the infected patients.
Internet of Things using to ensure the conformity of quarantine
IoT is also useful to ensure that the accordance of the patients once the infected person entered the isolation. All the public health personnel in which infected persons remain quarantined and which infected persons have breached the quarantine. Although the IoT data also very helpful to track who else may expose due to breach
Internet of Things using to manage the patient health care
IoT monitoring all the infected patients in handy who are high-risk to warrant isolation but not severe to warrant in-hospital care. At this time, All the infected patient’s healthcare daily check-up is done by manually door-to-door. In a recent report, healthcare had infected patients standing in their balcony so, the healthcare worker flies a drone up to take a temperature with a special thermometer. This thermometer is an infrared thermometer. With IoT, if patient has temperature taken and upload all the data to cloud with mobile device an also analysis the data .health care workers not only for infected patients and not only to collect a data in a short time but also health care workers reduce transfer the cross-infection from one person to another person.
IoT also provided relief for those workers who are overworked staff at the hospital. At this time, IoT also useful for home patients with enduring conditions like hypertense and diabetes patients. Also, in hospitals monitoring a biometric check-up and measurements such as heartbeat and blood pressure measures from wearable instruments and wireless instrument to monitor many patients with minimum staff. So now, IoT can be beneficial and useful in healthcare because it increases the efficiency of medical staff and reduces the workload of medical personnel.
Today the IoT components can be useful and leveraged to enable a health care system to deal with some disease outbreaks exist, but they are fragmented and not connected. However, build up the system needs agile infrastructure to connect the components of data collection as well as the processing and storage so that the health care system can quickly expand for tracking the disease and protective quarantine and the in-patient care of the diseased.